Apple Maps vs. Google Maps vs. Waze

In early 2017, a conversation with yet another Waze fanboy finally nudged me to start a navigation app experiment. I was skeptical that the Alphabet owned company could meaningfully best its parent’s home grown Google Maps. I was also curious whether Apple Maps had discovered competence since its iOS 6 release.

I thus set out to answer three questions:

Which navigation app estimates the quickest route?
How does each app over/underestimate travel times?
Which navigation app actually gets you to your destination most quickly?